top of page


Current discussion within the scientific community not only argues for the integration of arts into a therapeutic environment but encourages the cultivation of creative behavior as a socially significant act.

Literature Regarding Art and Its Impact on Children with ASD

Epp, K.M. (2008). Outcome-based evaluation of a social skills program using art therapy and group therapy for children on the Autism spectrum. Children & Schools, 30(1).

Furniss, G. J. (2008, April). Designing Art Lessons for Children with Asperger Syndrome. SchoolArts, 107(8), 20.

Furniss, G. J. (September 2008). Celebrating the Artmaking of Children with Autism. Art Education, 61(5), 8–12.

Gerber, B. L., Kellman, J. (2010). Understanding students with autism through art. National Art Education Association.

Lynch, R.T., Chosa, D. (1996). Group-oriented community-based expressive arts programming for individuals with disabilities: Participant satisfaction and perceptions of psychosocial impact. Journal of Rehabilitation. 

Schleien, S.J., Mustonen, T., Rynders, J.E. (1995). Participation of children with Autism and non-disabled peers in a cooperatively structured community art program. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 25(4).

Literature on The Psychology of Aesthetic Behavior

Glenn, S. S., Malott, M. E., Andery, M. A. P. A., Benvenuti, M.,Houmanfar, R. A., Sandaker, I. … Vasconcelos, L. A. (2016). Toward consistent terminology in a behaviorist approach to cultural analysis. Behavior & Social Issues, 25,11–27.

Lauring, J. O., Pelowski, M., Forster, M., Gondan, M., Ptito, M., &Kupers, R. (2016, June 13). Well, if they like it … effects of social groups’ ratings and price information on the appreciation of art. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 10(3), 344–359.

Maclagan, D. (1998). Psychological aesthetics: Painting, feeling and making sense. London, UK: Jessica Kingsley.

Malott, M. E. (2018). What influences audience response to figure painting? The Psychological Record, 68(3)

Behavior Analysis of Art and Art Appreciation

Chatterjee, A. (2004). Neuroaesthetics. In A. P. Simamura & S. F. Palmer(Eds.), Aesthetic science: Connecting minds, brains and experience(pp. 299–317). New York, NY: Oxford University Press

Constantine, B. J. (2012). Exploring stone sculpture: A behavioral analysis. European Journal of Behavior Analysis, 13(1), 141-148.

de Rose, J. C. (2015, May). Derived relations and meaning in responding to art. InPaper presented at the 41st annual convention of the Association of Behavior Analysis International. San Antonio: TX

Epstein, R. (1991). Skinner, creativity, and the problem of spontaneous behavior. Psychological Science, 2(6), 362-370.

Fitch, W. T., & Westphal-Fitch, G. (2013). Fechner revisited: Towards an inclusive approach to aesthetics. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 36(2), 140-1.

Hayes, S. C., Barnes-Holmes, D., & Roche, B. (2001). Relational frame theory: A post-Skinnerian account of human language and cognition. New York, NY: Plenum Press.

Lamal, P. A. (1997). A behavioral view of the visual arts. Cultural Contingencies: Behavior Analytic Perspectives on Cultural Practices, 269.

Luke, N. M. (2003). Analysis of poetic literature using BF Skinner’s theoretical framework from verbal behavior. The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 19(1), 107-114.

Mechner, F. (2017). A behavioral and biological analysis of aesthetics: Implications for research and application.The Psychological Record.

Mechner, F., & Mechner, F. (2018). A behavioral and biological analysis of aesthetics: Implications for research and applications. The Psychological Record, 68(3), 287-321.

Mellon, R. C. (2018). A technology of aesthetic appreciation: Tweaking the reinforcing potency of synergetic events. The Psychological Record, 68(3), 343-346.

Rehfeldt, R. A., Chan, S., & Katz, B. (2020). The Beethoven Revolution: A Case Study in Selection by Consequence. Perspectives on Behavior Science. doi:10.1007/s40614-020-00271-x

Schlinger Jr, H. D. (2018). A functional analysis of “Aesthetic”: A commentary on mechner. The Psychological Record, 68(3), 353-358.

Shimp, C. P. (2018). Science shapes the beautiful: Shaping moment-to-moment aesthetic behavior. The Psychological Record, 68(3), 359-364.

Skinner, B. F. (1941). A quantitative estimate of certain types of sound-patterning in poetry. The American Journal of Psychology, 54(1), 64-79.

Skinner, B. F. (1970). Creating the creative artist. On the future of art, 61-75.

Skinner, B. F. (1972). A lecture on “having” a poem. BF Skinner, Cumulative record, 345-355.

Suojanen, M. (2016, March 8). Aesthetic experience of beautiful and ugly persons: A critique. Journal of Aesthetics & Culture, 8(1).

Swami, V. (2013, August). Context matters: Investigating the impact of contextual information on aesthetic appreciation of paintings byMax Ernst and Pablo Picasso.Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, & The Arts,7(3), 285–295.

Thompson, T. (2018). Behavioral functions of aesthetics: Science and art, reason, and emotion. The Psychological Record, 68(3), 365-377. doi:10.1007/s40732-018-0314-z

Todorov, J. C. (2013). Conservation and transformation of cultural practices through contingencies and metacontingencies. Behavior & Social Issues, 22,64–73.

bottom of page